Abstracts

ASIAN JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT RESEARCH

VOLUME 4, NO 2 - 2013- November issue

List of abstracts in this issue

Multi-dimensional poverty index (MPI) status of tribes in Attappady Block, Palakkad district, Kerala

Author(s) - Richard Scaria, Sumesh. K, Irfan. T

ABSTRACT

The MPI (Multi-dimensional poverty index) is an index of acute Multi-dimensional poverty. It assesses the nature and intensity of poverty at the individual level, creating a vivid picture of people living in poverty within and across the regions. (The MPI by OPHI for UNDP’s 2011 HDR).  The MPI reflects both the incidence - headcount ratio (H) of poverty – the proportion of the population that is Multi-dimensional poor – and the average intensity (A) of their poverty – the average proportion of indicators in which poor people are deprived. The MPI has three dimensions (Health, Education, and Living Standards) and these are measured using 10 indicators (Alkire, Sabina; et.al 2011). The MPI can be used as an analytical tool to identify Multi-dimensional poor people, show aspects in which they are deprived and help to reveal the interconnections among deprivations. It can also identify the poorest among the poor, reveal poverty patterns within countries by province or social group, and track changes over time. The MPI is calculated by multiplying the incidence of poverty by the average intensity across the poor (H*A). The first component is called the Multi-dimensional headcount ratio. Headcount ratio (H) can disclose the clear picture on the prevalence of poverty among the population. An average Headcount ratio of tribes in Attappady is 0.930, i.e. in Attappady 93 percent of the tribal population are lived in Multi-dimensional poor status. Headcount ratio of Kurumba community (0.097) is highest among three tribal groups. The intensity of deprivation – that is, the average percentage of deprivation (A) experienced by people living in Multi-dimensional poverty – in Attappady is 53.4 percent. An analysis of tribal in Attappady Block shows that an average MPI value of tribes in Attappady is 0.496 and the highest proportion of MPI poor is among Kurumba community. This research can enable policy makers to target resources and design policies more effectively.

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Criticizing postmodern perspective in management and organizations by using the Islamic approach

Author(s) - Mehran Aslaniyan, Saeideh Pasandi

ABSTRACT

There is small period of time that the postmodern interpretation has been entered in the scientific fields such as art, literature, economics, social sciences in a ways that previous theories have been affected by it and make them inadequate, so it is natural that Postmodernism entered the arena management and the organization because management is a combination of the humanities and social sciences disciplines in particular. Postmodern theories have developed different perspectives inside. Postmodernism and Islam are explaining the Western and Islamic identity structure. This study is about to review and criticize the perspective of postmodernism in management and organizations by using the Islamic value approach. At first by providing the definition of the perspective of postmodernism in management and organizations and Islamic value perspectives, their frameworks and principles will be expressed and then by comparing and criticizing the perspectives of postmodernism through Islamic approach, the necessary conclusions will be taken.

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Performance appraisal practices in indian service and manufacturing sector organizations

Author(s) - Rohan Singh, Madhumita Mohanty, Mohanty. A.K

ABSTRACT

Performance appraisal (PA) is gradually becoming a part of a more strategic move towards integrating HR practices and organizational objectives and might now be seen as a general term covering a range of actions through which organizations seek to measure employees and increase their competence, improve performance and distribute rewards. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between performance appraisal and employee performance among employees of service and manufacturing sector organizations in India. Data was collected by standard questionnaire and random sampling from over 100 organizations both for service and manufacturing sectors. Correlation and regression analysis were used to explore the relationship between them. SPSS, Version 20 was used for analysis. Overall 52% and 32% of the variance in employee performance can be derived for by performance appraisal in the case of service sector organizations and manufacturing sector organizations respectively.

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The influence of human resources management practices, and government’s role in the organizational performance of small businesses in Malaysia

Author(s) - Yusra Yaseen Lazim, Noor Azlinna Binti Azizan

ABSTRACT

Performance appraisal (PA) is gradually becoming a part of a more strategic move towards integrating HR practices and organizational objectives and might now be seen as a general term covering a range of actions through which organizations seek to measure employees and increase their competence, improve performance and distribute rewards. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between performance appraisal and employee performance among employees of service and manufacturing sector organizations in India. Data was collected by standard questionnaire and random sampling from over 100 organizations both for service and manufacturing sectors. Correlation and regression analysis were used to explore the relationship between them. SPSS, Version 20 was used for analysis. Overall 52% and 32% of the variance in employee performance can be derived for by performance appraisal in the case of service sector organizations and manufacturing sector organizations respectively.

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Factors influencing health and healthcare delivery system for the urban poor in Chittagong city, Bangladesh

Author(s) - Shamsun Nahar, M Maksudur Rahman

ABSTRACT

One-third of the urban dwellers in Chittagong city live in congested and unplanned slums and squatter settlements without having the basic urban facilities. The health conditions of the urban poor are extremely unsatisfactory. Also they suffer from many difficulties to receive healthcare facilities. The aim of this paper is to find out the conditions of health and healthcare delivery system in the urban poor areas in Chittagong, the second largest city of Bangladesh. Data required for this study were collected through questioner survey, observation and secondary sources. From the analysis it has been found that urban poor are suffering from various types of diseases and health complexity such as cough, fever, respiratory illness and malnutrition etc, due to water shortage, poor sanitation, and inadequate gas supply. The research findings suggest that they receive a poor medical service; mostly depending on local dispensary for their immediate treatment. It is very risky for their sound health because without the prescription of a qualified physician, it would be turned into hazardous situation in any time. Removing the sufferings of the poor concerned authorities must be ensured an appropriate health care delivery system by creating awareness among the urban poor.

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Interrelationship of Aaker’s customer based brand equity dimensions: offering a model to banking sector

Author(s) - Sonu Dua, Ramandeep Chahal, Aradhana Sharma

ABSTRACT

The study examined the dimension of customer based brand equity in banking sector. A model has been developed to identify those factors which has more influenced in building brand equity. For this purpose structural equation model has been applied to investigate the interrelationship of Aaker’s brand equity dimensions in banking sector. The result indicated that all the dimensions have significantly important for building brand equity in banking sector. The proposed hypotheses were well supported by the model.

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Relationship of working capital with liquidity, Profitability and solvency: 
A case study of ACC limited

Author(s) - Panigrahi. A.K

ABSTRACT

Experts say that the goal of working capital management should be to enable a firm to maximize profits of its operations while meeting both short term debt and upcoming operational expenses, i.e. to preserve liquidity.  But increasing profitability would tend to reduce firms’ liquidity and too much attention on liquidity would tend to affect the profitability. No doubt, every firm tries to maximize the profitability by preserving the liquidity. However, increasing profits at the cost of liquidity might cause serious trouble to the firm and this problem might lead to financial insolvency as well. Thus an effective WCM would be needed to strike a balance between the two core objectives of the firm. It is essential that the firm’s liquidity should be properly balanced. Because, excessive liquidity on one hand indicates the accumulation of idle funds that don’t fetch any profits for the firm and on the other hand, insufficient liquidity might damage the firm’s goodwill, deteriorate firm’s credit standings and that might lead to forced liquidation of firm’s assets. Afterwards problems like bankruptcy and insolvency might happen. To sum up, a company unable to make profits might be termed as a sick company but, a company having no liquidity might cease to exist. But when a company like Wal-Mart, is able to generate profit and maximise shareholder’s wealth with negative working capital, can we say that the company is in the verge of bankruptcy or is it a sign of managerial efficiency? Same is the case with ACC Limited, which is the company of our study. This paper attempts to study the association of working capital with liquidity, profitability and risk of bankruptcy of ACC Ltd. for the period 2000-01 to 2009-10. The study found that even with having negative working capital in most of the times, the company was able to earn a good rate of return because of its aggressive working capital policy but its solvency was ultimately at a stake.

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