Abstracts

ASIAN JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT RESEARCH

VOLUME 5, NO 3 - 2015 - February issue

Cumulative abstracts page- This page contains abstract of all articles published in this issue

Price volatility of selected high value vegetables in cordillera administrative region, Philippines

Author(s) -Samuel L. Duyan, Leopoldo N. Tagarino

ABSTRACT

Price volatility in the concept of this paper is defined as the variation of prices over time. The limitation of study relative to vegetable price volatility made the analysis contribute to the existing field of work. The analysis focused on the price trend and extent of price volatility of cabbage, carrot, and potato for the period of 2002 to 2011. It likewise sought to determine the difference in price volatility between types of prices such as farm, local retail and Metro Manila retail, and the relationship of weather conditions i.e., rainfall amount and temperature, production area, and importation volume to the vegetable prices. The research employed secondary data from various sources.The results showed erratic trends of prices of the selected high value vegetables for the whole period covered. The farm and retail prices exhibited similar pattern indicating that any price changes at the farm level were carried at the retail level. The study illustrated volatile prices for the selected vegetables. This result proved the assumption that there is high degree of price volatility among the selected vegetables. The farm price was the most volatile in relation to retail price. However among the selected vegetables, cabbage prices indicated the highest volatility. Its perishability and susceptibility to weather conditions are the potential contributing factors. The volatility of the different types of prices was statistically significant at 0.001. Further, the farm and retail prices were significantly affected by several factors such as the weather conditions specifically rainfall amount and temperature, the production area, and volume of imports.

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Management Protocols at Google Incorporation

Author(s) - Noman Ali, Farhan Ali

ABSTRACT

Management practices in an organization form an integral part of its road map towards success and profitability in the industry. Google, for its part has been "Search Engine" giant in this era of globalization still maintaining its competitiveness with the increasing advancements of time and technology. This paper studies and analyzed the key areas of management practices employed at Google that has helped it to maintain its dominance in the technological industry. The continuous entrepreneurial ventures, a strongly satisfied human resource, global presence and unmatched technology along with proper strategic management, all have discussed and analyzed to understand the management protocols that an organization needs to employ in order to cope with changing challenges of the modern times.

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Rural women weavers’ of Assam: Artistic skills and entrepreneurial issues

Author(s) - Lakhimi Jogendranath Chutia and Anjan Bhuyan

ABSTRACT

Rural women are endowed with invaluable talent of weaving masterpieces on textiles. They effortlessly infuse their creativity into weaving colorful pieces for near and dear ones. In spite of this abundant creativity, entrepreneurship among rural women seems to be very limited. Except for a few, majority of the village women take home-weaving as a way of life and never wish to take up this latent talent as a full time occupation for making economic gains. Different researchers from time to time have made multitudinous studies on problems faced by rural women during entrepreneurial activity. Realizing the criticality of the issue related to weaving ability and entrepreneurship, this study aims to discuss the implicit issues related to women entrepreneurship among   women weavers in village settings of Assam. The paper utilizes empirical as well as interpretive investigation at Balisiha Kachari, Bahbari Bagicha and Ghatua Chuburi villages in Sonitpur district of Assam. Secondary background information related to the problems faced by women entrepreneurs is conducted through literature survey. Beside the information availed through different research work on de-motivating factors for entrepreneurial ventures among women, an attempt is also being made to identify artistic skills among women as one of the factor to understand their level of confidence in their creative ability and thus their inclination to create a living out of it. Findings of this study reveal that confidence on designing and weaving skills and desire to start a weaving venture is related.

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An exploratory study on quality of work life and its impact on organizational effectiveness

Author(s) -Punam Singh

ABSTRACT

India has a reputation as the reservoir of worlds most talented and skilled Human Resources. Personnel management has many concerns one that affects human resources specialists and most people is the Quality of Work life, it is safe to say that most people want they would consider a good quality life.. The efficiency of employees depends to some extent, on the environment in which they work or perform. So it is very much needed to explore the ways to bring quality and satisfaction to their work life. The present study has been undertaken in one of the leading manufacturing sector of Bharuch, Gujarat. The aim of the study is to know the variables which bring satisfaction to work life and the factors which affects the quality of work life. Sample covers 60 middle and senior level employees. The findings of the present study shows the link between different variables of quality of work life and its relation with organizational effectiveness.

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Work life balance of women employees in the information technology industry

Author(s) - Vijayakumar Bharathi. S, Padma Mala. E, Sonali Bhattacharya

ABSTRACT

In this research paper, an attempt has been made to find the professional and personal challenges and enhancers for work life balance amongst working women through a survey of 186 women working in the IT sector in India. The main challenges in professional life were found to be extended/odd working hours, travel time between home and workplace and participation in additional jobs and assignments. In personal life, the main stresses were guilty of not being able to take care of self and elders at home. Social media interaction was found to be stress busters for most women.  Most women would prefer flexible timing, and supportive spouse, family and friends as well as an environment conducive for work at the office.

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Widespread of management control systems and national culture: theoretical framework

Author(s) -Mouhcine Tallaki , Enrico Bracci

ABSTRACT

The relation between an organization, economic, social and cultural contexts leads to ask the question whether those organizations, can transfer their domestic Management Control Systems (henceforth MCSs) overseas or they need to redesign them according to cultural imperatives of other nation (Graeme et al., 1999). The rise of internationalization versus localization emphasizes the significance of this question. The study of differences in MCSs has been discussed in the literature according to different approaches, namely: the cultural approach, societal effects, new institutionalism and historical approach (Bhimani, 1999). One of management diversity causes which was highlighted by the most of the approaches is the culture. The relation between an organization and economic, social and cultural contexts leads to ask the question whether those organizations, can transfer their domestic managerial practices overseas or they need to redesign them according to cultural imperatives of other nation (Tallaki and Bracci, 2014; Graeme et al., 1999). This paper aims to sketch an embryonic conceptual framework to understand first the relationship between national culture and MCSs and secondly why standard managerial practices are widespread despite the relationship between national culture and MCSs.

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Impact of knowledge sharing on organizational learning: Moderating effect of organizational leadership

Author(s) -Ayesha Khalid and Muhammad Ahmed

ABSTRACT

The connection between knowledge sharing and organizational learning is of fundamental significance to any organization specially for banking sector. If an organization is able to enhance its learning by sharing knowledge, then it can operate more effectively. This study is related with finding out the relationship between knowledge sharing and organizational learning with the moderating role of leadership. Data was collected through questionnaires by adopting the cluster sampling. Total 130 questionnaires were distributed, out of which 103 usable responses were received given the study a response rate of 79%. Descriptive statistics, simple linear regression and correlation techniques were used to analyze the data. Findings of data support that there is a relationship between knowledge sharing and organizational learning. Moreover leadership plays a strong positive role as a moderator and facilitates the relationship between knowledge sharing and organizational learning. This study is beneficial for the banking sector leadership and management to improve the performance in the long run because a strong learning orientation is needed to maintain a competitive edge over growing number of competitors. This research will contribute in improving the learning of banking sector through knowledge sharing by understanding and enhancing the roles of leaders.

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Culture of empowerment in Insurance industry: A study on Public Sector Corporation

Author(s) - Sujit Roy

ABSTRACT

People make for the real bottom line in business. In an organizational context, empowerment is a process of assigning decision-making authority to executives and employees. The present study has attempted to understand the issues of culture of empowerment from the perspectives of individual attitudes, aspirations and perception of empowerment of employees in a public sector insurance corporation through an intensive micro-level field study. The methodology of the study was based on the primary data collected through structured questionnaire. The findings point to an overall poor level of empowerment of employees. The item-wise analysis of empowerment data has revealed a conflicting picture- a gap between belief and practice in the organization in respect of empowerment processes and practices, thus pointing to a ‘revealing’ organizational reality. The cadre-wise item-analysis has shown that the managerial personnel have only perceived moderate level of empowerment status.  Empowerment, thus, is negligible and it is still in the primitive stage in the organization.

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A viewpoint and attitude of a customer towards promotional schemes and influence of brand on purchasing consumer household appliances

Author(s) - Arpit Saxena and Ankit Saxena

ABSTRACT

In India, post liberalization era has witnessed a plethora of such activities in all business sectors including durable, non-durable and the service sector with rising expenditures in promotion, it has come under management scrutiny. However, with increased reliance by competition on Sales Promotion [short-term tactical tools to boost sales], managers are compelled to allocate more budget to the same even if it means at the cost of their communications budget. Understanding the consumer viewpoint and attitude are an important part of the marketing process to realize the challenges faced by marketers in comprehending the consumers’ mind. The main inflections of this study is to analyze the consumer preference towards a particular promotional offer provided by the consumer households’ goods companies and also to study the various promotional schemes offered by different brands of households goods. Promotions are responsible for moving the demand curve upward and to the right by utilizing some or all of the elements of the promotion mix- advertising, personal selling, and publicity along with sales promotion.

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Corporate Governance PRACTICES, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Firm Performance: Evidence from French Stock Exchange

Author(s) - Hanene EZZINE and Bernard Olivero

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is investigating the effects of corporate governance practices on the choice of corporate social responsibility (CSR) engagement and the firm performance applying the CSR. We use in this research a sample of SBF 120 firms during the subprime crisis 2006-2010. In the first step, we find that CSR implication is positively associated with corporate governance practices, as functioning of board of directors, audit process and remuneration policy, after controlling for various firm characteristics. We observe also the insignificance of ownership structure and shareholders’ rights and information to explain the engagement of firms to CSR activities. In the second step, our results of the study conclude that corporate social performance (CSR) has no effect on financial performance during the subprime crisis, while the audit process plays an important role in enhancing firm performance. However, if our findings show that return on equity, or return on asset, or shareholders’ rights and information are negatively associated with firm performance, these findings also prove that board functioning, remuneration policy and ownership structure would be without any effect on the firm performance.

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Entrepreneurial psychological capital of postgraduate management and non-management students in Kerala, India

Author(s) - Nimitha Aboobaker et al

ABSTRACT

Fostering entrepreneurship among students has become an important topic for universities, government agencies and research academicians as well. A sample of 164 respondents (85 management and 79 non-management students) from various colleges in India were taken and data was collected using Likert scale, indicating their level of agreement or disagreement with a series of statements relating to seven entrepreneurial traits or attitudes namely –Passion, Faith and Commitment, Risk Tolerance, Adaptability, Leadership, Drive Determination and Energy. The results of the empirical study showed that gender was a significant factor in assessment of Entrepreneurial Psychological Capital. Presence or influence of family members’ who already had a running business showed statistically significant influence in moulding students’ inclination towards entrepreneurship. Monthly income and household asset position had no significant relationship in determining attitudes and characteristics towards entrepreneurship, especially the trait of tolerance towards risk. Of the seven entrepreneurial attitudes/traits/characteristics measured, management students scored high on all domains and the domain of Drive and Determination emerged as the most significant factor with a regression coefficient of 0.213, followed by Passion with a regression coefficient of 0.203.The study emphasize the importance of having entrepreneurial development programs, as part of curriculum, not only for management students, but also for arts and science students. This would enable them to develop their innate skills and thus contribute towards entrepreneurship in the society.

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The relationship between Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Organizational Commitment in educational organizations (Education and Training Teachers of Fouman)

Author(s) - Behzad Afshe and Seyed Abbas Mousavi

ABSTRACT

Education generated as a foundation and key element of human learning in human societies and it is responsible for the education and training of the next generation in our country. Education and training organization of Fouman (Islamic Republic of Iran) passes a long way behind and ahead extensive structural changes which associated with hiring a new HR. Research methodology of this study was descriptive and practical purpose and data collecting was among the field research. The sample comprised of 391 of 1250 employees that was taken randomly to assess the level of commitment and organizational citizenship behavior among employees using software SPSS 21. Also the type and extent of the relationship between organizational citizenship behavior and organizational commitment and dimensions of commitment is essential to Fouman education that after examining hypothesis about citizenship behavior and organizational commitment was confirmed. The impact of affective commitment was much more than normative commitment.

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Business analytics a tool to business experimentation- Issues and challenges

Author(s) - Shikha Tripathi, Kushendra Mishra

ABSTRACT

Business analytics is a repetitive practice and methodical exploration of an organization’s data with emphasis on statistical analysis. Business analytics is used by companies committed to data driven decision making. This paper tries to establish a relationship between business analytical tools and business experiments. It tries to explore whether firms or organizations which use data for decision-making innovate successful business operations. Using detailed survey data available on various online search engines I have concluded that yes, business analytics and its analytical tools lead to a successful business experiments. Also there is a relationship between data based decision making and other performance measures of a firm. 

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The territorial attractiveness, governance, Infrastructures and logistics activities: Case of Tangier city, Morocco

Author(s) - Abbes El hasbi, Mohammed Barkaoui, Otmane Bouksour

ABSTRACT

Globalization keeps triggering business processes of delocalization and (re)localization around the world in looking for the most attractive regions (zones). In order to be attractive, a territory should attract, absorb and maintain businesses. The ability to attract businesses also entails the ability to respond quickly to threats and opportunities so that the territory can survive competition. The objective of this study is to set the first foundations of a link to be discovered between territorial governance as a relevant factor to increase the level of industrial attractiveness and logistics within businesses in Tangier. We will try to demonstrate that effective practice of local territorial governance can contribute positively to the improvement of the entrepreneurial business environment.

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Approaching and managing delivery of a project using Project Management methodologies

Author(s) - Maheshwari Patel Niranjan

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to analyze the need of use of project management in an organizations. The paper in briefly discusses the role of project manager, Benefits of Project Management Methodologies to project and organization, benefits and limitations of project management methodologies and adopting project management methodologies. In recent time, numbers of methodologies have been developed providing guiding processes to organization for example Prince2, Agile, Waterfall, PER and many more. An organization adopts project management methodology depending on its size and nature, and the complexities of the projects. Adopting a more flexible project management methodology developed as per the specifications of nature of the projects increase possibilities for successful delivery of projects. Project Management is important for several reasons: Organizing Chaos, Managing Risk, Managing Quality, Managing Integration, Managing Change, Clearing Issues, Retailing and Using Knowledge and Learning from Failure

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The Pre and Post legislative development of CSR in India: A case illustration of Mahindra and Mahindra

Author(s) - Pooja Srivastava and Surabhi Goyal

ABSTRACT

The case study is a detailed illustration of legislative implications of Corporate Social Responsibility Law in India. The study details out the traditional structure of CSR in India and the latest legal framework which has created a positive stir in India Inc. Mahindra and Mahindra is one the organization which has worked a lot on societal development under the umbrella of CSR. The study indicates the pre and post legislative implications of CSR on Mahindra’s policy framework.

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