International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering

Volume 3 Issue 2 2012          Pages: 282 - 293                         << Previous      Next>>

Consideration the possibility of utilizing wind energy for optimum using in rural area (agricultural and domestic consumptions)
Case study: Qazvin province of Iran

Author Information:

Mohammad Ghahderijani1, Morteza Almassi2, Hossien Shabanali Fami3, Reza Moghadasi4
1- Ph.D. student, Department of Agricultural Mechanization, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor, Department of Agricultural Mechanization, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3- Associate professor, University College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, 31587-11167,Karaj,Iran
4- Associate professor, Department of Agricultural Economy, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

ABSTRACT
Based on the present pattern of resource utilization in country, Iran, obviously in not far future not only is able to export energy (in form of petroleum) but also will be in group of countries as a main and whole sale importer of energy. In any case, the main sources of energy in Iran is fossil sources and considering the increase in its demand process, would cause country many problems on advancement of social and economic sections in future. On the one hand, undoubtedly economic expansion is not possible without agricultural and rural development in Iran. Therefore, exploitation of wind energy is possible, according to considerable potential of this kind of renewable energy in different parts of country among others, rural and agricultural districts. On the other hand, using of wind turbines for the purpose of generating electricity or carrying water to farms and gardens in windy and susceptible districts can generate required electricity for the use of domestic and rural and agricultural parts without creating environmental pollution and moreover, would be effective in decreasing energy costs in prolonged time. In this research, potential meter (measuring) of wind energy utilization has been done for the purpose of recognizing the possibility of applying wind energy to generate a percentage of rural energy consumptions of Kouhin district in Qazvin province. To this end, information of standard wind meter station in this district was used by recording speed and point data in short time spaces (10 minutes) during 5 years. The results of this research showed that this district with average of annual speed of 6.7 m s-1 in height of 10 meter and power density of 800 Wm-2 has suitable conditions for settling of wind turbines to generate the electricity for domestic consumptions in rural and agricultural irrigation operations. Also, in this essay, usage of geographical information system (GIS) in farm management, applying of renewable wind energy, localization and necessity of wind energy exploitation based on existed information have been discussed.

Keywords: Wind energy, rural development, GIS, Iran

doi:10.6088/ijcser.201203013027

Copyright: © 2012 by the author(s), licensee Integrated Publishing Association. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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