International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering

Volume 3 Issue 2 2012          Pages: 396 - 407                         << Previous      Next>>

Performance of geopolymer concrete under severe environmental conditions

Author Information:

Shankar H. Sanni1, Khadiranaikar, R. B2

1- Asst. Professor, Dept. of Civil Engg., Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot, India

2- Professor, Dept. of Civil Engg., Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot, India


This paper presents the experimental investigation done on performance of geopolymer concrete subjected to severe environmental conditions. The grades choosen for the investigation were M-30, M-40, M-50 and M-60, the mixes were designed for molarity of 8M and 12M. The alkaline solution used for present study is the combination of sodium silicate and sodium hydroxide solution with the ratio of 2.50 and 3.50.The test specimens were 150x150x150 mm cubes, 100x200 mm cylinders heat-cured at 60°C in an oven. The geopolymer concretes (GPCs) have inorganic polymer of alumino-silicates as the binder whereas the conventional concretes have Portland cement (P-C) generated C-S-H gel (beside freelime). It is well known that mechanisms of attack by sulphuric acid and magnesium sulphates are different. Conventional concretes are generally not resistant to prolonged exposure to very high concentrations of these solutions because decalcification of C-S-H will occur. As a result of this, OPC concrete surface becomes soft and could be removed, thus, exposing the interior concrete layers to deterioration.  At the same time as the magnesium sulphate attack, causes decalcification of C-S-H to form magnesium silicate hydrate (M-S-H).  It also destroys the binding capacity of C-S-H and leads to a loss of adhesion and strength in concrete. Durability of specimens were assessed by immersing GPC specimens in 10% sulphuric acid and 10% magnesium sulphate solutions separately, periodically monitoring surface deterioration and depth of dealkalization, changes in weight and strength over a period of 15, 30 and 45 days. The test results indicate that the heat-cured fly ash-based geopolymer concrete has an excellent resistance to acid and sulphate attack when compared to conventional concrete. Thus we can say that the production of geopolymers have a relative higher strength, excellent volume stability and better durability.

Keyword: Geopolymer concrete, fly ash, molarity, sodium silicate, sodium hydroxide.


Copyright: © 2012 by the author(s), licensee Integrated Publishing Association. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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