International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 4 Issue 5 2014- March 2014    Pages: 676-682  <<Previous    Next>>

Physicochemical analysis of some water ponds in and around Santiniketan, West Bengal, India

Author Information:

Aniruddha Nag, Hema Gupta (Joshi)
Department of Botany, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan 731235, West Bengal, India.


The present study reports some physicochemical characteristics of the surface water of some ponds in and around Santiniketan. Determination of physical (pH, electrical conductivity and alkalinity) and chemical (sodium, potassium, chlorinity, salinity, free CO2 and COD) parameters were done to determine the surface water quality. The study revealed huge variations in the physico-chemical parameters of water in different ponds. The values of the parameters ranged from pH 5.8 to 8.5, electrical conductivity 1.174 to 712.5 µmhos cm-1, alkalinity 39.4 to 391.2 ppm bicarbonates, Na+ 1.7 to 8.6 ppm, K+ 0.29 to 16.5 ppm, chlorides 55.44 to 443.11 ppm, free CO2 4.75 to 26.14 ppm and COD 2.7 to 52.3 ppm. Correlation analysis indicated high significant relationship (P<0.001, P<0.01) and also significant negative relationship (P<0.05) among the parameters. Churamani was the most polluted among all the ponds.

Keywords: Pond water, physico-chemical parameters, water quality, pollution


© 2014 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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