International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 4 Issue 5 2014- March 2014    Pages: 801-815 <<Previous    Next>>

Enhancement of dye waste treatment using Fenton’s reagent and adsorbents (natural bentonite, surfactant modified bentonite and activated carbon)

Author Information:

Syafalni1,2, Aizuddin Azlan Yusof1, Rohana Abdullah1, Ismail Abustan1
1- School of Civil Engineering, Engineering Campus.  Universiti Sains Malaysia,
14300 Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
2-Civil Engineering Department, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia


The effectiveness of removing colour and chemical oxygen demand (COD) by using Fenton’s process and adsorbents (natural bentonite (NB), anionic surfactant modified bentonite (ASMB), cationic surfactant modified bentonite (CSMB) and granular activated carbon (GAC)) in dye wastewater were investigated. The effect of various factors such as dosage, pH, contact time and concentration were taken under consideration in order to get the optimum performances. Based on the results obtained, the optimum dosage obtained were 0.6 g (NB), 0.3 g (ASMB), 0.4 g (CSMB) and 3.0 g (GAC). While the optimum pH was achieved at pH 3, 4, 6 and 8 for ASMB, NB, CSMB and GAC, respectively. Besides, the optimum contact time was 20 min for NB and ASMB, 15 min for CSMB and 40 min for GAC. Meanwhile, the optimum removal was obtained at dye concentration of 150 ppm (GAC), 250 ppm (NB) and 200 ppm (ASMB and CSMB). The best removal efficiencies were the combination treatments of NB/ASMB/CSMB, Fenton’s and GAC (Type II) compared to NB/ASMB/CSMB and GAC (Type I) with the removal of 93.4% - 99.4% for colour and 84.1% - 98.0% for COD. Moreover, the Langmuir isotherm model was fitted well with the experimental data with the R2 values for colour 0.2295–0.9938 and COD 0.122–0.5024 compared to the Freundlich isotherm model with the R2 values 7x10-5–0.7043 for colour and 0.0691–0.5718 for COD.

Keywords: Dye wastewater, fenton’s process, natural bentonite, surfactant modified bentonite, granular activated carbon.


© 2014 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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