International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 5 Issue 3 2014- November 2014    Pages: 502- 514  <<Previous    Next>>

Vermicomposting of Solid Pulp and Paper Mill Sludge (SPPMS) using Eudrilus Eugeniae Earthworm

Author Information:

Puspanjali Sonowal 1, Meena Khwairakpam2, Ajay S. Kalamdhad1
1- Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IITG), Guwahati – 781039, India
2- Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Meghalaya,
Shillong - 793003, India


Bioconversion of industrial sludges into vermicompost is of great profit as; the waste is converted into value added product, as well as it controls a pollutant that is a consequence of increasing industrialization. This paper reports the feasibility of utilization of vermicomposting technology for nutrient recovery from industrial sludge in laboratory scale experiment employing Eudrilus eugeniae earthworm. The earthworms survived very meagerly in 100% solid pulp and paper mill sludge (SPPMS). There was decrease in total organic carbon (TOC), oxygen uptake rate (OUR), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). High total nitrogen (TN), ash content, electrical conductivity (EC) was also observed at the end of the vermicomposting process. Total phosphorous (TP) increased by 2-11 folds in R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5. Maximum earthworm biomass was observed in R5 and minimum in R1. The results indicated that (SPPMS) could be converted into good quality manure by vermicomposting if mixed with cow dung.

Keywords:Cow dung, Eudrilus eugeniae, Food processing waste, Vermicomposting


© 2014 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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