International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 5 Issue 4 2015- January 2015    Pages: 681- 687  <<Previous    Next>>

Role of soil physical properties in Ecological restoration of coal mine land: A study in East Garo hills, Meghalaya

Author Information:

Bhuyan S.I.  and Momin K.G.- Department of Botany, University of Science and Technology Meghalaya, 9th Mile, Ri-Bhoi, Meghalaya-793101

ABSTRACT

Meghalaya is a state of the north eastern region which is recognized as a treasure of many valuable minerals. Mining operations were left to the local miners to take up coal mining as cottage industries since most of the coal deposits are small and isolated and were not amenable for scientific mining to be conducted in the organized sector. The study of soil physical properties has been done between different restored sites from 5 to 25 years old restored land. The changes in physical properties affect ecological succession and distribution pattern of plant species in our environment. When deforested land is abandoned, it goes through successional stages by varying stages of vegetation re-establishment. By this process the soil will regenerate restoring physical, chemical properties and microbial population. The soil samples collected from different restored areas shows quite improvement in soil properties. The good indicators of the soil quality including soil macroporosity, total porosity and bulk density were being recovered. The improvement in the soil properties helps in further recovery of the derelict soil.

Keywords: Ecological services, Environmental degradation, East Garo Hills, Mineral resources.

.DOI:10.6088/ijes.2014050100063

© 2015 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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