International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 5 Issue 4 2015- January 2015    Pages: 802- 813  <<Previous    Next>>

Assessment of groundwater quality in relation to agricultural purposes in parts of Ludhiana District, Punjab, India

Author Information:

Sharda Shakha1, Brar,K, Karanjot2, Kaur Gurmeet3, Madhuri, Rishi S4.
1- Department of Environment Studies, Panjab University. Chandigarh, 160014
2-Department of Geography, Panjab University. Chandigarh, 160014
3-Department of Geology, Panjab University. Chandigarh, 160014
4-Department of Environment Studies, Panjab University. Chandigarh, 160014


Ludhiana district is the metropolitan state of Punjab, located on the National Highway 1 is the most vibrant and business centre. The present investigation is to examine the suitability of groundwater quality for drinking purpose and factor prevailing hydrochemistry by collecting 44 groundwater samples during pre and post monsoon. The physical and chemical analyses result shows the parameters like EC is above the permissible limit in some places as per BIS. At some locations the concentration of EC, TDS, Ca2+, Mg2+, F- and NO32- exceeded the desirable limits of BIS which gives us cautions. Based on the Soltan’s Classification, the groundwater sample are categorized normal chloride, normal sulfate and normal bicarbonate water type. Base-exchange indices and meteoric genesis indices indicates majority of samples belongs to Na+- HCO3- and shallow water percolating types.. According to Gibb’s ratio, majority of the water samples fall in the evaporation dominance field for both season.

Keywords: Groundwater quality, soltan’s classification, base-exchange indices and gibb’s ratio


© 2015 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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