International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 5 Issue 4 2015- January 2015    Pages: 848- 855  <<Previous    Next>>

New mechanical methods and treatments for controlling of leafy mistletoe (Loranthus europaeus jacq.) on Persian Oak trees (Quercus persica)

Author Information:

Ahmad Hosseini - Assistant professor, Research Center of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Ilam, Iran


Loranthus europaeus is a semi-parasitic plant lives on Persian oak trees in the Zagros forests and it has caused damage to them.  In order to evaluate the performance of five mechanical treatments; Glue stick, clay, black plastic, natural color and control treatment for controlling mistletoe and choose the most appropriate treatment among them, Hyanan oak forested area located in north of Ilam province was selected. A research site was selected at altitude of 1800-2000 m above sea level in the study area. For each treatment 3 Persian oak trees and in total 15 trees were selected. Implementation and monitoring of treatments was done during four years. Results showed that Glue stick and clay were 100% successful in controlling of mistletoe, but efficacy of black plastic and natural color was 30% and 0%, respectively. Black plastic and natural color didn’t have a good performance in controlling mistletoe, and the performance of black plastic was better than that of natural color. The control effects of natural color and somewhat black plastic on mistletoe were weak and temporary, and their efficacy were disappeared after sometime so mistletoe became green and revived again. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the removal of infected branches and caulking the cut surfaces with clay or Glue-stick cause eliminate the mistletoe and prevent its re-establishment on the treated branch. These two treatments are cheap and easy to accomplish.

Keywords: Loranthus europaeus, persian oak, treatment, mechanical control, Ilam


© 2015 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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