International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 5 Issue 5 2015- March 20154    Pages: 919- 926  <<Previous    Next>>

Carbon Sequestration in the Soils under different plantations in Haryana State, India

Author Information:

Gupta M. K1 and Sharma S. D.2
1- Forest Soil & Land Reclamation Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun 248 006  
2- Forest Informatics Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun 248 006

ABSTRACT

Tree plantation has definite effect on soil properties and dynamics of carbon store in soil. Enhanced sequestration of atmospheric CO2 in the soil, ultimately as stable soil organic matter, provides a more lasting solution than sequestering CO2 in standing biomass. Plantations are good sink of carbon to facilitate carbon store in the soil as well as in biomass. Accurate quantification of soil carbon is necessary for detection and prediction of changes in response to changing global climate. This study was therefore, undertaken to estimate the soil organic carbon (SOC) stock in block plantations in the state of Haryana, India by following IPCC guidelines. Maximum SOC stock was found under Azadirachta indica (39.79 t ha-1) followed by Acacia catechu (35.32 t ha-1), Tectona grandis (35.23 t ha-1), Eucalyptus tereticornis (35.17 t ha-1), Populus deltoids (33.09 t ha-1), Ailanthus excelsa (29.32 t ha-1), Dalbergia sissoo (26.57 t ha-1), mixed plantation(24.52 t ha-1), Haloptelia integrifolia (19.14 t ha-1) and the SOC stock was minimum under Pongamia pinnata (17.60 t ha-1). The SOC stock under different plantations was significantly different (Variance ratio, F = 6.014; p = < 0.05). SOC stock under A. indica was significantly different with the SOC stock under Ailanthus excelsa, Dalbergia sissoo, mixed plantation, Haloptelia integrifolia and Pongamia pinnata. SOC stock under T.grandis was statistically significantly different with SOC stock under D.sissoo, mixed plantation, H. integrifolia and P. pinnata. The mitigation potential of soils under A. indica, A. catechu, T. grandis and E. tereticornis was between 2.00 and 2.26 than that of the soils under P. pinnata. The soils under P. deltoides, A. excelsa and D. sissoo can mitigate 1.5 to 2.0 times higher carbon whereas the soils supporting mixed plantation can mitigate 1.4 times higher carbon in comparison to the soils under P. pinnata.

Keywords: Soil organic carbon store, plantations, carbon sequestration, mitigation potential, Haryana.

.DOI:10.6088/ijes.2014050100086

© 2014 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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