International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 5 Issue 5 2015- March 2015   Pages:1011- 1021  <<Previous    Next>>

Studies on various drag models in fluidized bed for abatement of environmental pollution

Author Information:

Prabhansu1, Sovan Dey2, Malay Kr Karmakar3, Prakash Chandra1, Pradip Kr Chatterjee2
1-Mechanical Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology Patna-800005,
Bihar, India
2-Mechanical Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology Durgapur-713209, W.B, India
3-Thermal Engineering, CSIR-Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur-713209, W.B, India


The need for cleaner and ecologically balanced energy has increased over the past few decades. A new and advanced technology in the form of fluidized bed has given a better solution to solve the energy needs of the people. The gasification and combustion process through fluidized beds are complex and very difficult to understand. In order to understand the hydrodynamics, exhaust and in-situ phenomena in these fluidized beds, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are being carried out with the help of drag models. These drag models describe the momentum transfer between different phases, namely solid or particle phase and fluid phase. The present work is a review of nine different drag models, namely Syamlal O’Brien model, Representative Unit Cell (RUC) model, Hill Koch Ladd (HKL) model, macroscopic model, space-averaged model, Ergun/Wen-Yu model, Richardson-Zaki model, energy minimization multi-scale (EMMS) model and Gidaspow model based on imitation of actual experimental results, under varying operating conditions

Keywords: Environmental pollution, simulation, Syamlal O’Brien, macroscopic, space-averaged, Energy minimization


© 2014 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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