International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 6 Issue 6 2016- May 2016 Pages: 1090 - 1095 <<Previous    Next>>

Geographical perspective on hydro-meteorological disasters in Himachal Pradesh, India

Author Information:

Shivani Thakur1, Vishwa B.S. Chandel2
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Government Post Graduate College, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh 2- Assistant Professor, Center of Advanced Study in Geography, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014


Climate is the fundamental natural element shaping the earth-system. The global environment has always been changing and climatic extremes in terms of disasters have been manifesting themselves recurrently. Climate has strong bearing on disaster occurrence and induces anomalies like flood, cloudburst, drought and cyclone etc. It is now widely accepted that earth’s climate is unexpectedly changing and causing various disasters, the impacts of which are rapidly increasing. Such disastrous climatic manifestations have also become regular features of areas such as Himachal Pradesh. The excess rainfall produce a landscape dotted with cloudburst and flash flood while rainfall deficit causes drought like situations in the state. This study focuses on three major types of meteorological disasters: flood, cloudburst and drought in terms of their occurrence and impacts. The results show that flood and cloudburst are more active in middle Himalayan parts the state while droughts situations, although affect the entire state, are more prominent in the cold desert areas and the hot humid regions. The overall situation reveals that fluctuating rainfall regime produces a unique spectrum of extreme events. 

Keywords: Hydro-meteorological disasters, Himalayas, climatic fluctuation, impacts. 


© 2016 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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