International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 6 Issue 6 2016- May 2016 Pages: 1173- 1186 <<Previous    Next>>

Status of solid waste generation and management practice in Kolkata municipal corporation, West Bengal

Author Information:

Sk Ajim Ali

Research Scholar, Department of Geography, AMU, Aligarh

ABSTRACT

This paper presents a general over view of the current Solid Waste (MSW) management in Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC), West Bengal. Solid waste management is one of the most challenging issues in urban cities at present scenario, which are facing a serious pollution problem due to the generation of huge quantities of solid waste. The KMC generates more than 3520 MT   solid waste per day. As a group, households are the single largest generators of Municipal waste in Kolkata. On an average maximum solid waste generated from commercial around 36.37% and market area and minimum from institution around 6.32%. It has been projecting that KMC will generate near about 8805 MT solid waste per day in 2035. But on an average has been estimated that approximately only 700 ton of these generated waste are collected and stored in every day. So, there exist a huge gap between waste generation and waste disposal, which create several environmental problems. The main objective of this paper is to discuss on existing situation of current Solid Waste Management (SWM) in KMC. This paper is basically based on secondary sources of data which is collected mainly from manual on Kolkata Municipal Corporation. It was found that the solid waste management in KMC appears to be inadequate and needs to be upgradation. Higher priority needs to be assigned to the management of solid waste by local authority and system approach needs to be adopted for optimizing the entire option of SWM. Orga (2003) stated that “Municipal bodies are unable to provide a 100% efficient system and even are not able to reach the efficiency of 60%”. This is not because the municipality is not doing their work properly or due to work negligence, but it is due to old conventional working methods which need to be upgraded with modern technologies.

Keywords: KMC, Solid waste, waste management practice, sources and quantities, recommended waste management practice

DOI:10.6088/ijes.6112

© 2016 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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