International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 7 Issue 1 2016- July 2016 Pages: 105 - 112                                 Next>>

Impact of coastal industrial projects on shoreline evolution: Case study at Port Said, Egypt

Author Information:

Eric Awere1 Geophrey K. Anornu2
1- Department of Civil Engineering, Cape Coast Polytechnic, Cape Coast, Ghana
2- Department of Civil Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana


The operations of water tankers have become very prominent in the Cape Coast metropolis of Ghana. The services of these operators are patronized by people living in new housing development areas who are not served by Ghana Water Company Limited (GWCL) primarily due to infrastructural challenges. Though these operators obtain their water from a GWCL hydrant, the quality of water they supply have come under serious criticism by some patrons. This research is aimed at assessing the physico-chemical and bacteriological characteristics of water supplied by water-tanker operators. A total of 24 water samples from five (5) water tankers, the GWCL water hydrant and a GWCL customer were collected in the months of January and March for analysis. The samples were analysis for Taste, Odour, Colour, Turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids, Alkalinity, Total Iron, Chloride, Fluoride, Nitrite, Nitrate and E-coli.  All analysis was performed according to protocols specified in the Standard Methods for the Analysis of Water and Wastewater. The results showed that water from GWCL met the WHO guidelines. Water from the tankers showed rather poor quality by failing in colour, turbidity, total iron and bacteriological. Contamination could be attributed to improper management of the tankers.

Keywords: Health, Water Consumers, Water quality, water tanker


© 2016 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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