International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 3 Issue 4 2013- January 2013    Pages: 1279-1289  <<Previous    Next>>

Population status of Rhesus monkey (MACACA MULATTA) and their menace: A threat for future conservation

Author Information:

Ekwal Imam1, Anees Ahmad2

1- Corresponding author, Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, P.O. Box 3044, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia.

2- Department of Community Medicine, J.N. Medical College and Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002 (India)


Rhesus macaques Macaca mulatta are protected by schedule III of Wildlife Protection Act. However, they are losing conservational support with the rapid increase in their number as well nuisance activities. To investigate this, a study on their population distribution and monkey-menace was conducted in Aligarh district during May – September 2010. Aligarh district is located in western Uttar Pradesh (India) between 27053`North latitude and 7804`East longitude and situated 126 km away from Delhi on Delhi-Calcutta railways. Population estimation of rhesus monkey was done by surveying the area mainly along the different roads leading towards other townships situated within administrative boundaries of Aligarh district. These roads were considering as transects and covered by motor-vehicle keeping the speed 10-15 km per hour. The identified monkey groups were visited during dusk or dawn and visual counts of each group were made carefully from close distance. To know the attitudes of local people towards monkey menace, questionnaire based “opinion survey” was conducted. Eighty four groups of rhesus monkeys comprising of 4051 individuals were recorded from different types of habitat. Group size ranged from 15 individuals to 155, with an average of 48. Opinion survey revealed that monkeys are becoming danger for public health, crop and property. Eighty nine percent of the local people agreed that monkeys are responsible for disease transmission among human being, whereas, 61% people were convinced that monkeys are damaging properties and crops. Therefore, 86% people of the area are convinced that monkey should be trapped and translocated to somewhere else.

Keywords: Macaca mulatta, monkey menace, population distribution, translocation


© 2012 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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