International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 3 Issue 5 2013- March 2013    Pages: 1531-1536 <<Previous    Next>>

Parameters affecting the degradation of textile dyes using Reactor Systems: A review

Author Information:

Padmanaban V.C, Sandra Jose, Catherine Rapheal
Centre for Biotechnology, MET’S School of Engineering, Mala, Thrissur, Kerala, India.


Textile dyes used in color imparting are often recalcitrant and carcinogenic in nature. The release of dyes into the environment constitutes a small proportion of water pollution, and the colored waste waters represent a serious environmental problem and a public health concern. The major challenge of textile industries today is to find an effective solution for dye effluent treatment which meets all the requirement of environmental protection. This review narrates the use of bioreactors immobilized with bacteria, fungi and algae as the solution for the degradation of textile dyes. The parameters considered with respect to dye decolorisation and degradation in immobilized reactors were COD, HRL, HRT and BOD. It was found that anaerobic fluidized bed reactor showed better performance followed by rotating drum bioreactor (RDBR) and upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor system (UASB). Algae showed improved results with tubular photobioreactors. Hence immobilized bioreactors are promising technology for dye decolorisation and degradation.

Key words: Hydraulic retention time, rotating drum bioreactor, Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor.


© 2012 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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