International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 3 Issue 6 2013- June 2013    Pages: 2068-2079  <<Previous    Next>>

Composting of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) mixed with cattle manure

Author Information:

Sudharsan Varma V, Ajay S. Kalamdhad

Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati (IITG) Guwahati – 781039, India


Composting of Municipal solid waste (MSW) mixed with different proportion of cattle manure i.e. 1:1.5 (Trial 1), 1.5:1 (Trial 2) and 1:1 (trial 3) were compared in a rotary drum composter. It was observed that trial 2 produced higher quality compost with final total nitrogen (2.16%), final total phosphorus (3.24 g/kg), final TOC (17.04%) and final electrical conductivity (EC) (2.78 dS/m) within 20 days of composting. It showed a higher rise in temperature resulting higher degradation caused final COD (542 mg/L), BOD (290 mg/L) and final CO2 evolution (1.05 mg CO2/g volatile solids (VS)/day). While, trial 1 and trial 3 produced lower final total nitrogen and total phosphorus with higher amount of EC, NH4-N, BOD, COD and CO2 evolution indicating low quality product even after 20 days of composting. Therefore, results showed that characteristics of MSW mixed with different proportion of cattle manure significantly influence the compost quality and process dynamics in rotary drum composter. 

Keywords: Municipal solid waste (MSW), Rotary drum composter, Cattle manure, Compost dynamics


© 2013 Copyright by the authors, licensee Integrated Publishing Association.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (3.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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