International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 2 Issue 3 2012           Pages: 1302- 1313

Ambient Air Quality Studies on Cuddalore

Author Information:

Balashanmugam.P- Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering, Annamalai University

Ramanathan A.R- Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering, Annamalai University

Nehrukumar.V - Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering, Annamalai University

Elango.E - Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering, Annamalai University

ABSTRACT
During the summer of 2009, concentrations of oxides of nitrogen (NOx), oxides of sulphur (Sox), suspended particulate matter (SPM) and carbon monoxide (CO) were collected over successive periods of about 8 hour at eight sites. High volume air sampler was used to measure the concentration of Oxides of nitrogen (NOx), Oxides of sulphur (Sox), suspended particulate matter (SPM) and battery operated portable CO monitor was used to measure the concentration of carbon monoxide (CO).The results reported pertain to an eight hour successive preliminary air sampling exercise carried out at each of the eight select locations in Cuddalore, a southern semi urban settlement in India. Criteria pollutants SPM, CO, SO2 and NO2 measured are found to have either crossed or on the average of crossing the limits, necessitating the immediate installation of a continuous monitoring and control mechanism. While transport related emissions are the major sources of air contamination, increasing civil construction activities also contribute to particulates. The exponential rise in volume of vehicles, disadvantageous traffic flow pattern, differing driving cycle pattern and human interceptions deserve due attention. The concentrations of SO2 values were exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) at three locations. The SPM values were exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) at all the eight locations. The NOx values were exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) at all the eight locations. The CO values were exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) at seven locations.

Keywords : Semi urban air sampling, transport emissions, ambient air quality, criteria pollutant, preliminary assessment.

DOI: 10.6088/ijes.00202030017


© 2012 Copyright Balashanmugam.P et al, licensee IPA.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (2.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The electronic version of the article can be downloaded below.

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