International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 2 Issue 3 2012           Pages: 1331- 1343

Biosorption of Heavy Metals by Paper Mill Waste from Aqueous Solution

Author Information:

Suryan.S- Department of Biotechnology, Punjabi University, Patiala-147002, Punjab (India)

Ahluwalia S.S- Department of Biotechnology, General Shivdev Singh Diwan Gurbachan Singh Khalsa College , Patiala-147004, Punjab (India)

In the present study the removal of lead, cadmium, nickel and copper from aqueous solution was carried out using paper mill sludge. Time course studies were carried out with these metals and effect of pH (4-9), metal concentration (5-100mgl-1), biomass concentration (1-5%) were evaluated in batch sorption system. Optimum results obtained at pH 4.5 with 1% biomass concentration (w/v), biosorption was rapid, more than 70% of metal ion adsorbed within 15 minutes even at a concentration of 100mgl-1 of metal. Langmuir and Freundlich sorption isotherm were overall applicable and showed that physico-chemical adsorption and ion exchange interactions simultaneously play a role in binding of the metals. The significance of this paper is the utilization of low cost sorbent available in abundance for the removal of metals from dilute aqueous solution.

Keywords : Heavy metal, biosorption, paper mill waste, Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm

DOI: 10.6088/ijes.00202030020

© 2012 Copyright Suryan.S and Ahluwalia S.S, licensee IPA.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (2.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The electronic version of the article can be downloaded below.

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