International Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 2 Issue 4 2012           Pages:2191- 2202

Climate Change Impact and Adaptation opportunities on Agricultural production in communities around Itu bridge-head in Itu LGA,  Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Author Information:

Ekpo, F. E  Akwa Ibom State University, Obio Campus, Akwa Ibom State

Nzegblue, E. C  Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State


A study was carried out in communities around Itu bridge-head in Itu Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The objective of this study was to ascertain the pattern of climate change and associated hazards in farming and fishing community in the study area determine coping and adaptation strategies within agricultural sector. Both primary and secondary data were used. Primary data were obtained using different Participatory Research Approaches (PRA) including, in-depth interview, focus group discussions and household questionnaires. In the community, a sample size of 30% of all households was interviewed. Findings showed that farmers and fishermen perceived changes in rainfall and temperature. The changes have affected the livelihood of farmers and fishermen in a number of ways resulting in reduced productivity. Trend analysis of rainfall showed decreasing amount from 1979 to 2010, whereas temperature and relative humidity showed increasing trend from 1979 to 2010 by respectively. The study revealed that communities around Itu Bridge-head in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State are highly vulnerable to climate variability.  Climate related hazards make natural resources of the area susceptible to climate- related extreme events such as floods, salinity intrusion, severe wind storm, sea level rise and river bank erosion. The livelihoods of the poor in the area are most likely to face higher levels of vulnerability under climate change due lack of finance, credit facilities, education and information. The study concluded that, knowledge on coping and adaptation that farmers and fishermen have should form a foundation for designing agricultural innovation systems to deal with impacts of climate change and variability.

Keywords:  Climate Variability, Adaptation measures, Communities in Itu bridge-head

DOI: 10.6088/ijes.00202030102

© 2012 Copyright Ekpo, F. E and Nzegblue, E. C, licensee IPA.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (2.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The electronic version of the article can be downloaded below.

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